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Have you ever heard of this disease? Malaria is one of the deadly diseases. Beware it may be around you!

Malaria is one of the deadly diseases. Beware it may be around you!

Malaria is a disease
that is spread through the bites of mosquitoes that are infected with parasites. Malaria infection can occur with just one mosquito bite. If not treated properly, this disease can cause death.

Malaria is rarely transmitted directly from one person to another. This disease can be transmitted if there is direct contact with the patient's blood. The fetus in the womb can also become infected with malaria because it is contracted from the mother's blood.

Malaria sufferers in Indonesia

Indonesia and other countries around the world are joining in a global commitment, namely the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to eradicate a number of diseases, one of which is malaria.

The incidence of malaria in an area is determined by the Annual Parasite Incidence (API) per year. API itself is the number of malaria positive cases per 1,000 population each year.

The MDGs program continues to show success, as shown by the malaria API in Indonesia which has continued to decline from 2011 to 2015. In 2011, there were 1.75 malaria cases per 1,000 population, while in 2015, the figure decreased to 0.85 malaria cases per 1,000 population.

Even though it has experienced a significant decline, Indonesia is still not free from malaria, especially in eastern Indonesia. Regions such as Papua, NTT, Maluku, and Bengkulu are the largest contributors to the malaria incidence rate in Indonesia.

Symptoms of Malaria
Symptoms of malaria usually appear between one to two weeks after the body is infected. Symptoms can also appear a year after a mosquito bite, but these cases are rare. Symptoms of malaria generally include fever, sweating, chills or chills, vomiting, headache, diarrhea and muscle aches.

If you are already experiencing symptoms of malaria, see a doctor immediately so that you can make a diagnosis and treatment as soon as possible. Malaria can be diagnosed easily through a simple blood test.

Parasites Cause Malaria

Malaria is caused by the Plasmodium parasite. There are actually many types of Plasmodium parasites, but only five of them cause malaria in humans. The Plasmodium parasite is only spread by female Anopheles mosquitoes. Two types of parasites that are common in Indonesia are Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax.

Malaria mosquito bites occur more frequently at night. After the bite, the parasites will enter the bloodstream.

The spread of malaria can also occur through blood transfusions or through sharing needles. Even though this case is rare, you still have to be careful.

Malaria Treatment

Malaria sufferers can be completely cured if treated and cared for properly. Various types of antimalarial drugs are used to treat and prevent malaria transmission.

The drugs given depend on several things, namely the severity of the symptoms, the type of parasite causing it, the location of malaria transmission, and the patient's condition. If the patient is pregnant, the treatment will be differentiated from patients who are not pregnant.

Complications of Malaria

Malaria will have a worse impact if it occurs in pregnant women, babies, young children and the elderly. Malaria has the potential to make the body's resistance decrease drastically in a short time. Therefore, handling needs to be done quickly.

If malaria is not treated right from the start, this disease can cause several complications such as dehydration, severe anemia, organ failure, and several other conditions.

Malaria Prevention

Basically, malaria can be avoided. To prevent malaria transmission, the Indonesian government has implemented various programs, such as mass blood tests and free antimalarial drugs in malaria endemic areas such as rural areas in Papua and Nusa Tenggara.

Avoiding mosquito bites is the most important way to prevent malaria transmission. You can use a mosquito net to cover the bed while sleeping, get rid of standing water around the house, use insect repellent lotion, and use clothes or blankets that cover your skin.

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