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What is bipolar disorder? Let's get to know the Symptoms and Types so we can be more careful...

Bipolar Illustration


You must know the news about the beautiful Indonesian artist Marshanda, right? Lots of controversy from the news concerning him, one of which was the psychological disorder he experienced. There was news that he had bipolar disorder or bipolar disorder some time ago.

Bipolar disorder itself has several types and has distinguishable symptoms. The cause of this mental disorder itself is still uncertain, but genetic factors seem to play an important role in the onset of bipolar disorder.

As quoted from minddisorders.com, based on United States mental health standards, there are 4 different types of bipolar disorder, namely;


1. Bipolar 1

Bipolar 1 disorder is characterized by manic depressions, which are changes in mood that tend to be drastic. Patients can experience 'mania', which is excessive pleasure and excitement, over-physical activity, a lot of talking, and decreased sleep needs. This can be followed by experiencing 'depression', starting from a normal mood, turning into deep sadness, irritability, irritability, impatience, and quick change of mind.

2. Bipolar 2

As for bipolar 2, people with bipolar depression tend to have very low energy, mental and physical health that is somewhat underdeveloped. This is followed by excessive fatigue due to hypersomnia, a sleep disorder characterized by the need for excessive sleep or sudden drowsiness.

3. Cyclothymia

This disorder refers to a cycle of hypo-mania, which is excessive excitement over a long period of time with less obvious symptoms of depression. It may even be that people with this disorder don't seem depressed at all. Eventually, however, people with cyclothymia will develop severe bipolar 1 or 2.

4.Bipolar (NOS)

Bipolar NOS is an unidentified bipolar. In a sense, they experience some bipolar symptoms, but can appear and disappear, or experience symptoms of mental disorders similar to bipolar disorder but are not specific and not easily recognized as other bipolar symptoms.

Those are the types of bipolar disorder that can be distinguished. Although bipolar disorder is a bit confusing, bipolar sufferers must be treated appropriately, so as not to be tormented, and the most common cases found are bipolar disorder 1.

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