Human sugar levels are sometimes too high or too low, both of which are not good for health. Sugar levels must be maintained in a normal position to keep the body healthy. How to keep blood sugar from high or low?
Blood sugar in medical terms is known as glucose. This sugar in the blood is needed because it becomes a source of energy for the body's cells.
As reported by Buzzle, Sunday (4/7/2010) the average normal blood glucose level in humans is 70 mg / dl to 120 mg / dl and will usually increase after eating. Blood sugar is still considered normal if after eating the number is still below 220 mg / dl.
If the blood sugar is below 60 mg / dl, hypoglycemia or low sugar levels will occur. Conversely, if it exceeds 225 mg / dl, hyperglycemia or high blood sugar will occur.
Blood sugar that is too low can cause a person to go into a coma (loss of consciousness). Signs of low blood sugar are fatigue, decreased mental function, trembling feelings, sweating, sore mouth, dizziness, confusion and a racing heart that causes you to lose consciousness.
The causes of low blood sugar are usually not consuming enough sweet foods, less carbohydrate intake, doing excessive activity and consuming alcohol without food entering the body.
People who experience hypoglycemia, should immediately be given something sweet so that the blood sugar levels in their body quickly increase. Because if it can't interfere with a person's level of consciousness and the worst result is that it can cause brain damage.
So that blood sugar is not low
- Eat on time with balanced nutrition
- Between daily meal hours, alternating with small meals every 2-3 hours can be fruit or low-fat foods
- Do not smoke
- Stay away from caffeine and alcohol
Meanwhile, high blood sugar can cause strokes, heart attacks and diabetes. But people with diabetes can also develop low blood sugar after using the medicine excessively.
Well, high blood sugar is more of a problem because of its complications and its handling is not easy.
To reduce high blood sugar levels, you should:
- Avoid stress
- A stressed body will make it difficult for people to control their blood sugar, conversely, if the condition is calm, people will be more relaxed to seek to lower their blood sugar levels.
- Exercise or exercise for 20-30 minutes every day such as walking is proven to help lower blood sugar levels
- Avoid foods such as white bread, pasta or rice because they are so high in carbohydrates that they trigger an increase in blood sugar.
- Adding cinnamon to food because it makes the body more sensitive to insulin. If the body's sensitivity to insulin is good, the body will use less insulin.
- Provide lemons or limes as they have the ability to reduce the glycemic index of some foods.
- Replace carbohydrates with foods high in fiber and protein, for example, such as raw vegetables, fruits except bananas, wheat, whole grains.
- Drink a cup of green tea every day.
- Eating every 2-3 hours of fruit or juice without sugar helps maintain blood sugar stability and prevents overeating.
Lowering blood sugar is not impossible even though it takes time.